The main terms we use in Foundation are:
Full Stops - Full stops are used to end a sentence or abbreviation.
Capital Letters - A capital letter is used at the beginning of a sentence or for the word I, the name of a person, place or thing.
Finger spaces - A space the size of a finger that goes between words to separate words.
Phoneme - The smallest unit of sound made by one letter.
Diagraph - The individual sound that 2 letters make.
Trigraph - The individual sound that 3 letters make.
Grapheme - Letters that represent the phoneme.
Cursive letter formation - The way we begin to teach all children letter formation by going 'up the wave' to aid future joining up of writing.
Key Stage One
The main terms we use in Year One are:
Letter Family - Each letter belongs to a letter family which helps with the formation of letters. Letter families also include ascenders ( t,l,h) and descenders (g,y,p).
Conjunctions - a word used to connect clauses or sentences e.g. and, because, but.
The main terms we use in Year Two are:
Noun phrase - expanded noun phrase
Compound - compound word
Comma - comma in lists
Exclamation - exclamation sentence
Prefix - A word placed before another e.g. happy + prefix un = Unhappy
Comparative adjective - compare the differences between 2 nouns e.g taller
Superlative adjective - compare 3 or more nouns. e.g. widest
Contractions - shortened version of the written and spoken forms of a word. e.g. I have contracted form = I've
Upper Key Stage Two